Two Modalities of the Feldenkrais Method
The Feldenkrais Method consists of two versatile applications: Awareness Through Movement® and Functional Integration®. Based on the same theoretical ground, both modalities evoke the nervous system's ability to learn and self-organize towards more effective, varied, and intelligent action. The intent of the method is to assist the student to live more fully, comfortable, and effectively by expanding their repertoire of possible movements and actions.
Awareness Through Movement®
Awareness Through Movement (ATM) lessons or "exercises" are verbally guided, gentle exploratory movement sequences. Each lesson is organized around a different functional theme (i.e.: reaching, bending, and walking) with the intention of increasing awareness of one's self. Thinking, sensory perception, and imagery are also involved in examining each function, as well as exploration of joint, muscle, and postural relationships.
ATM lesson are taught to a group of students whose attention is directed to a slow and delicate exploration of an action. This is most often done standing, sitting, or lying on the floor with concern given to the conditions for effective learning. The pleasure of learning in unexpected ways is utilized to promote improved patient functioning.
Functional Integration® (FI) is a one on one approach for working with people. Learning, change and improvement are achieved through the use of specific skilled manipulation and passive movements, individualized for the patient's particular needs. Functional Integration lessons are widely recognized for addressing both minor difficulties, serious muscular-skeletal and neurological problems, and the developmental problems of children. The Feldenkrais Method can be helpful with such physical difficulties as chronic back, neck, and shoulder pain, sports injuries, head injuries, repetitive strains, TMJ pain, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, scoliosis, and even stroke.